Bulgaria was founded in 681 and is one of the oldest countries in Europe. In the western parts of Bulgaria stone tiles were found with 24 characters from the year 6800 BC. (These are characters that the Egyptians used from ca.4000 - 5000 BC).
In the Varna region, north-east of Bulgaria, Europe's oldest gold treasure was found, dating from the year 6000 BC. This suggests that there were settlements in the area long before Bulgaria was founded. Thracians were, according to historical documents, the first folk that lived on the Balkan Peninsula. They were skilled craftsmen and builders. Orpheus and Spartacus are among the famous Thracians.
From 700 to 600 BC. the Greek colonization began, mainly on the Black Sea coast. Most of the cities on the Black Sea were established by Greek merchants and sailors.
In the year 400 BC. a large part of today's Bulgaria was occupied by troops led by King Phillip II of Macedonia and his son Alexander the Great. In the year 100 AD. The Romans came.
After the year 400 the Balkan Peninsula was under Byzantine rule, which influenced the culture and tradition for centuries to come.
At the end of the year 700 the first Bulgarians settled in the Danube region – they were people who came from areas near the rivers Volga and Kama. They made an alliance with the Slavs, who had colonized almost the entire Balkan Peninsula and much of central Europe. In the year 681, the first peace treaty with the Byzantines was signed, and Bulgaria was established as an independent country.
The period between 681 and 1018 was used to establish Bulgaria as an independent kingdom. In 865, Bulgaria became Christianized and became recognized as a kingdom of the Roman Empire and the Catholic Pope.
Between 1395 and 1878 Bulgaria was under Turkish rule. The Bulgarian administration was eliminated and the church lost its independence. But people never forgot their identity, traditions, culture and language. During this period they built many monasteries that preserved the Bulgarian religion, written language, culture and national pride. In 1878, after the Russo - Turkish War, Bulgaria again became an independent country.
Now, after approx. 50 years of communist rule, Bulgaria is a parliamentary democracy. Despite the economic problems people have not changed, they are the same proud, warm and hospitable people they have always been.